Happy Family Times #30--Visit to the Iron Works

Have you had a fun adventure with your family or a relaxing time? We would love to hear about it. Kelly at Happy Whimsical Hearts and I are collecting our family activities in hopes to inspire all of us to have more quality family time. Please share below!
Pop, Hazel, and Mimi waiting for tour to start
This week we had my parents visit for a long weekend. We did some fun things with them, but I think the most interesting was visiting the Iron Works. It is a National Historic Site. You may remember in September I blogged about going to an iron pour there. This time we went for the Industrial Site Tour. A group of tiger scouts went as well. They kind of took over the tour and Hazel did not have the patience for the entire tour, so we left a bit early. It was really interesting though.
Iron Works--View from above Blast Furnace
So the Saugus Iron Works is first place in America to use this method to make iron. It was started by Governor Winthrop who wanted Massachusetts Colony to be independent of England. Originally they tried to start one in Braintree, but that was a failure due to poor choices. Then they brought over an engineer named Leder to build it. He choose this site and got it working. He also insisted on bringing in people from Europe to run it which of course the Puritans did not like since they were not as strict about their lifestyle.
Blast Furnace
The most interesting thing is that this site is celebrated because it went bankrupt. As a result all the trained workers spread throughout the company starting new iron works and developing the iron and eventually steel industry in America. Going on the tour, they actually do have some of the wheels turn and do some of the actions of the iron works. All of this site is rebuilt. Since it went bankrupt, the original went into disrepair. They found the foundations and some parts and rebuilt it where the buildings actually were.
We also went into the Rolling and Slitting Mill. Here again they spun the wheel for us, but even more interesting was that they used the large hammer and anvil. We had to cover our ears.
After this Hazel got antsy, so we left the tour. We missed going into the Forge. We however got to enjoy looking at the map which is where the tour started but the tiger scouts were crowded around so we could not get close.
Hazel enjoyed feeling it. The Park Ranger had poured water in it to show us how it would have run back in the 1600's.
Overall it was a fun visit! We know we will go back again and see the rest of the tour. Check out the museum some more and go on the tour of the house.
I must say fall was a beautiful time to visit there though!
Saugus River

Now it is your turn to share how your family has spent some quality time lately.

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Multicultural Monday: Halloween

Now that the church's Pumpkin Patch with Holiday Craft Fair is over, I can focus my efforts on sewing Hazel's Halloween costume. Since I'm working on Halloween now, I thought I would look into the history of Halloween and how it is celebrated around the world.
Source: Graphics Fairy

Where it all began...
Apparently it all began in Ireland. (Source) Halloween has its origins from the ancient Celtic festival, Samhain. Samhain was an end of harvest celebration in Gaelic culture. It was the day Gaels took stock of their winter stores from the harvest and prepare for the winter. October 31st is a day that was believed the boundaries of the the dead and living worlds overlapped, so the dead could come cause trouble for the living on this day (like damaging crops). People wore costumes to appease and/or scare the evil spirits. The festival often included bonfires which is believed to have attracted insects to the area. The insects of course attracted bats. It is believed this is where the bat association with Halloween comes from. (Source)

The Roman Empire had captured most of the Celt territory by 42 A.D. During their rule they combined two Roman festivals with Samhain. First in late October they had Feralia, a day that commemorated the passing of the dead. The second was Pomona a day to honor the Roman goddess for fruit and trees. The symbol for Pomona is an apple which may have brought the apple traditions like bobbing for apples to Halloween. (Source)

In 1000 A.D. the Catholic Church had declared November 2 All Souls Day, a day to honor the dead. It is believed that they were trying to replace the Celtic/Roman festivals with this. It was celebrated very much in the same way as Samhain was with bonfires, costumes, and parades. The celebrations often began the night before and were called All Hallows or All Hallowmas and then All Hallows Eve and eventually Halloween. (Source)

Trick-or-treating is where the children (or in my neighborhood even some adults) come door to door in costume looking for a treat. The trick part of "trick-or-treat" is that if you do not provide a treat they will play a trick on you. It is believed that trick-or-treating may have come from the Middle Ages "souling". Souling is where the poor dressed in costumes and went door to door begging for food on Hallowmas (November 1) in exchange for prayers for the dead on All Souls Day (November 2). However there are not good records of Halloween to really establish this and souling was not a known practice in America. The first reference to trick-or-treating in North America was in 1911 in Ontario. However there does not seem to be a widespread trick-or-treating practice until the 1930's. The practice spread eastward from the western part of the United States.

Jack O' Lanterns...
The carving of pumpkins into jack o' lanterns also comes from the Irish. There is an Irish legend called Stingy Jack where the tradition comes from. People in Ireland and Scotland make their own versions of jack o' lanterns out of turnips and potatoes and put them in their windows and doorways to scare away Stingy Jack. In England, beets are used. In America the immigrants found native pumpkins and used them. (Source)

I need to get sewing, so I'm going to save my celebrations around the world until next week. However if you are looking for some great Halloween craft ideas (many which go along with books), check out my crafts from last year.

Puzzle Piece Ghost Pin or Magnet

Sharing Saturday is open!! Please share your child-oriented crafts and activities or come to be inspired!

Today at the Pumpkin Patch we had a simple craft that I found in All New Crafts for Halloween by Kathy Ross. To make them you cut the sides of a puzzle piece and paint the piece white. Then we had the kids draw on the faces and if they wanted add glitter or color. Then they decided if they wanted to glue a pin back to them or use a piece of magnet tape. Above is the pin I made. The glitter originally said Boo, but I didn't let it dry and of course messed it up.  Below is Hazel's magnet. The original pins in the book were made with smaller puzzle pieces and had two ghosts glued together to the pin. We used the larger pieces since we already had them. The person who painted them white said it took about five coats of paint. I'm not sure what she used though.

Sharing Saturday #42

Ok, I am apologizing for not visiting everyone who shared last week. I have been a bit crazy this week. Our church is having a huge Pumpkin Patch with Holiday Craft Fair tomorrow and I'm in charge of the craft fair and somehow have picked up some of the other things for the rest of it as well. Feeling a bit stressed today. Then on top of it my parents decided to come for a visit for a long weekend, so I'm trying to get ready for tomorrow and entertain. So I promise I will visit them all, but for now I will focus on getting ready for and through tomorrow. I still urge you to go check out all the great ideas shared. Here is the most clicked last week. To check it out please click on the picture!

Since I have the Pumpkin Patch on my mind, I thought it was only appropriate to share pumpkin ideas (ok and one candy corn idea since I loved it!).

1) From Mama Smiles: Jack O' Lantern Chains
2) From Life on Lakeshore Drive: Pumpkin and Pine Cone Fireplace Garland
3) From Learning Ideas - Grades K-8: Jack O' Lantern Clocks
4) From The Usual Mayhem: Folk Art Pumpkins
5) From We-Made-That: Jack O' Lantern Pancakes
6) From One Creative Mama: Chocolate Chip Pumpkin Pancakes--Gluten Free
7) From Hey Mommy, Chocolate Milk: Pumpkin Traditions
8) From The Messy Roost: Candy Corn Wreath

Thank you to everyone who shared last week!! I hope you will join us and share again!! If you are featured here, please feel free to grab a featured button to display proudly on your blog.

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From Your Hostess:
Autumn Nature Walks and Crafts with Nature Treasures

Now for This Week's Party   
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All right everyone...This is a PARTY!! Have Fun!!

Autumn Nature Walks & Crafts

The last few days Hazel and I have taken nature walks. The autumn colors are so beautiful around here. We bring along her red wagon and a pail in which to put our treasures.
When she gets tired of walking, I pull her and she then takes any treasure I pick up and pretends I'm paying her and the pail becomes the cash register. 
One day it was particularly windy and Hazel commented on how the leaves were racing. I asked her which one was going to win, but she wasn't sure. We tried to get a picture of the leaves floating around, but had no luck. However we did get a pleasant surprise at the other end of the street.
Have I mentioned that Hazel loves cement mixers! And to watch the cement go up the big thing and back down to form the basement walls was really neat. We picked the perfect time to walk!

Now on these walks we have been gathering lots of treasures. Most of the treasures are leaves of every color. We bring them home and I have been sealing them with Mod Podge.
My craft room has several spots that look like this. Ugh!! The leaves are taking over and she keeps wanting more. Now we need to get crafting with them again. We made a few pictures.
Hazel's Leaf Fairy
My Leaf Fairy
My Leaf Owl

My favorite treasure thus far however is this huge pine cone we found. I have never seen one so big before.
We will share some of the pine cone crafts we have been doing at a later date. Enjoy!!